dc.contributor.authorFoo, Say Wei
dc.contributor.authorYeo, Theng Hee
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Dong Yan
dc.date.accessioned2009-05-22T07:55:37Z
dc.date.available2009-05-22T07:55:37Z
dc.date.copyright2001en_US
dc.date.issued2001
dc.identifier.citationFoo, S. W., Yeo, T. H., & Huang, D. Y. (2001) An adaptive audio watermarking system. Proceedings of IEEE Region 10 International Conference on TENCON, (pp. 509-513)en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10220/4611
dc.description.abstractAn adaptive and content-based audio watermarking system based on echo hiding is presented. The proposed system aims to overcome the problems of audible echoes in a simple echo hiding approach. Audibility of echoes is reduced especially for problematic signals by the application of signal-based attenuation, psycho-acoustic model and perceptual filter to adaptively modify the decay rate used in encoding the watermark. The proposed method is robust to common signal processing operations of noise addition, re-sampling, cropping, filtering and MPEG coding. If inaudibility and detection accuracy are of paramount importance, a psychoacoustic model coupled with single echo is the most appropriate encoding option to use when additional signal processing is imposed. The application of multiple echo hiding is also investigated. It is found that although multiple echo hiding improves inaudibility in general, detection accuracy is compromised when additional signal processing is imposeden_US
dc.format.extent5 p.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights© IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. http://www.ieee.org/portal/siteen_US
dc.titleAn adaptive audio watermarking systemen_US
dc.typeConference Paper
dc.contributor.conferenceInternational Conference on Electrical and Electronic Technology (2001)en_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US


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