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Title: Current status of bioinks for micro-extrusion-based 3D bioprinting
Authors: Panwar, Amit
Tan, Lay Poh
Keywords: 3D Printing
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Panwar, A., & Tan, L. P. (2016). Current status of bioinks for micro-extrusion-based 3D bioprinting. Molecules, 21(6), 685-. doi:10.3390/molecules21060685
Series/Report no.: Molecules
Abstract: Recent developments in 3D printing technologies and design have been nothing short of spectacular. Parallel to this, development of bioinks has also emerged as an active research area with almost unlimited possibilities. Many bioinks have been developed for various cells types, but bioinks currently used for 3D printing still have challenges and limitations. Bioink development is significant due to two major objectives. The first objective is to provide growth- and function-supportive bioinks to the cells for their proper organization and eventual function and the second objective is to minimize the effect of printing on cell viability, without compromising the resolution shape and stability of the construct. Here, we will address the current status and challenges of bioinks for 3D printing of tissue constructs for in vitro and in vivo applications.
ISSN: 1420-3049
DOI: 10.3390/molecules21060685
Rights: © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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