## Embeddings of Schatten norms with applications to data streams

##### Author

Li, Yi

Woodruff, David P.

##### Date of Issue

2017##### School

School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

##### Version

Published version

##### Abstract

Given an n×d matrix A, its Schatten-p norm, p >= 1, is defined as |A|_p = (sum_{i=1}^rank(A) sigma(i)^p）^{1/p} where sigma_i(A) is the i-th largest singular value of A. These norms have been studied in functional analysis in the context of non-commutative L_p-spaces, and recently in data stream and linear sketching models of computation. Basic questions on the relations between these norms, such as their embeddability, are still open. Specifically, given a set of matrices A_1, ... , A_poly(nd) in R^{n x d}, suppose we want to construct a linear map L such that L(A_i) in R^{n' x d'} for each i, where n' < n and d' < d, and further, |A_i|p <= |L(A_i)|_q <= D_{p,q}|A_i|_p for a given approximation factor D_{p,q} and real number q >= 1. Then how large do n' and d' need to be as a function of D_{p,q}? We nearly resolve this question for every p, q greater than or equal to 1, for the case where L(A_i) can be expressed as R*A_i*S, where R and S are arbitrary matrices that are allowed to depend on A_1, ... ,A_t, that is, L(A_i) can be implemented by left and right matrix multiplication. Namely, for every p, q greater than or equal to 1, we provide nearly matching upper and lower bounds on the size of n' and d' as a function of D_{p,q}. Importantly, our upper bounds are oblivious, meaning that R and S do not depend on the A_i, while our lower bounds hold even if R and S depend on the A_i. As an application of our upper bounds, we answer a recent open question of Blasiok et al. about space-approximation trade-offs for the Schatten 1-norm, showing in a data stream it is possible to estimate the Schatten-1 norm up to a factor of D greater than or equal to 1 using O~(min(n, d)^2/D^4) space.

##### Subject

Data Stream Algorithms

Embeddings

DRNTU::Science::Mathematics

Embeddings

DRNTU::Science::Mathematics

##### Type

Journal Article

##### Series/Journal Title

LIPIcs–Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics

##### Rights

© 2017 The Author(s) (Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics). Licensed under Creative Commons License CC-BY.

##### Collections

http://dx.doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.60

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