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|Title:||Palaeo-sea-level and palaeo-ice-sheet databases: problems, strategies, and perspectives||Authors:||Düsterhus, André
Carlson, Anders E.
Horton, Benjamin Peter
Barlow, Natasha L. M.
Gehrels, W. Roland
Hibbert, Fiona D.
Hijma, Marc P.
Kopp, Robert E.
Törnqvist, Torbjörn E.
|Issue Date:||2016||Source:||Düsterhus, A., Rovere, A., Carlson, A. E., Horton, B. P., Klemann, V., Tarasov, L., Barlow, N. L. M., et al. (2016). Palaeo-sea-level and palaeo-ice-sheet databases: problems, strategies, and perspectives. Climate of the Past, 12(4), 911-921. doi:10.5194/cp-12-911-2016||Series/Report no.:||Climate of the Past||Abstract:||Sea-level and ice-sheet databases have driven numerous advances in understanding the Earth system. We describe the challenges and offer best strategies that can be adopted to build self-consistent and standardised databases of geological and geochemical information used to archive palaeo-sea-levels and palaeo-ice-sheets. There are three phases in the development of a database:measurement, interpretation, and database creation.Measurement should include the objective description of the position and age of a sample, description of associated geological features, and quantification of uncertainties. Interpretation of the sample may have a subjective component, but it should always include uncertainties and alternative or contrasting interpretations, with any exclusion of existing interpretations requiring a full justification. During the creation of a database, an approach based on accessibility, transparency, trust, availability, continuity, completeness, and communication of content (ATTAC3) must be adopted. It is essential to consider the community that creates and benefits from a database. We conclude that funding agencies should not only consider the creation of original data in specific research-question-oriented projects, but also include the possibility of using part of the funding for IT-related and database creation tasks, which are essential to guarantee accessibility and maintenance of the collected data.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/88479
|ISSN:||1814-9324||DOI:||10.5194/cp-12-911-2016||Rights:||© 2016 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||EOS Journal Articles|
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