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Title: Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V)电子结构及光催化性质的第一性原理计算 = First-principles study on the electronic and photocatalytic properties of Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V)
Authors: 李蛟 Li Jiao
陈忠 Chen Zhong
Keywords: 第一性原理
Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V)
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Li, J., & Chen, Z. (2017). Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V)电子结构及光催化性质的第一性原理计算 = First-principles study on the electronic and photocatalytic properties of Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V). 物理化学学报 Acta Physico - Chimica Sinica, 33(5), 941-948.
Series/Report no.: 物理化学学报 Acta Physico - Chimica Sinica
Abstract: 基于密度泛函理论的第一性原理对Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V)电子结构及光催化性质进行了对比研究。与Ag3PO4相比,Ag3VO4较好的光催化稳定性主要源于其结构中Ag―O间较强的作用力增加了对Ag+的控制,而 Ag3VO4弱的光催化活性与其导带底中存在 d 轨道成份以及较低的价带边势(2.335 V, vs NHE)有关;对Ag3AsO4而言,其优于Ag3PO4光催化活性的原因基于三个方面:(1) 由高分散Ag s-Ag s杂化轨道构成的导带底能带;(2) 窄的带隙(1.91 eV);(3) 宽的可见光响应范围以及高的光吸收系数。此外,Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V)均为间接带隙半导体光催化材料,其中,Ag3VO4有用于分解水制氢研究的可能;上述计算结果与实验结果吻合。 In this study, the electronic structures and photocatalytic properties of Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V) were investigated using the first principles based on the density functional theory. In comparison to Ag3PO4, Ag3VO4 shows better photocatalytic stability, mainly due to the enhanced Ag―O bonds and improved Ag ion stability, but poorer photocatalytic activity in the visible light region mainly due to the presence of d orbital character at the conduction band minimum (CBM) and lower valence band maximum (VBM) potentials (2.335 V, vs NHE). Ag3AsO4 shows photocatalytic activity superior to Ag3PO4, which may be attributed to the following reasons: (1) the highly dispersive band structure of the CBM resulting fromAg s-Ag s hybridization, (2) a smaller band gap of 1.91 eV, (3) the broader absorption range and higher absorption capacity of visible light. Moreover, our theoretical results demonstrate that though Ag3XO4 (X = P, As, V) species act as indirect band gap photocatalytic semiconductors, only Ag3VO4 is a potential candidate for the photocatalytic hydrogen generation from water. The calculated results mentioned above are in good agreement with experimental results.
ISSN: 1000-6818
Rights: © 2017 Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica. This paper was published in 物理化学学报 Acta Physico - Chimica Sinica and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Editorial office of Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica. The published version is available at: []. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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