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Title: The relationship between vitamin B6, diabetes and cancer
Authors: Merigliano, Chiara
Mascolo, Elisa
Burla, Romina
Saggio, Isabella
Vernì, Fiammetta
Keywords: Vitamin B6
DRNTU::Science::Biological sciences
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Merigliano, C., Mascolo, E., Burla, R., Saggio, I., & Vernì, F. (2018). The relationship between vitamin B6, diabetes and cancer. Frontiers in Genetics, 9, 388-. doi:10.3389/fgene.2018.00388
Series/Report no.: Frontiers in Genetics
Abstract: Pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP), the active form of vitamin B6, works as cofactor in numerous enzymatic reactions and it behaves as antioxidant molecule. PLP deficiency has been associated to many human pathologies including cancer and diabetes and the mechanism behind this connection is now becoming clearer. Inadequate intake of this vitamin increases the risk of many cancers; furthermore, PLP deprivation impairs insulin secretion in rats, whereas PLP supplementation prevents diabetic complications and improves gestational diabetes. Growing evidence shows that diabetes and cancer are correlated not only because they share same risk factors but also because diabetic patients have a higher risk of developing tumors, although the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In this review, we will explore data obtained in Drosophila revealing the existence of a connection between vitamin B6, DNA damage and diabetes, as flies in the past decade turned out to be a promising model also for metabolic diseases including diabetes. We will focus on recent studies that revealed a specific role for PLP in maintaining chromosome integrity and glucose homeostasis, and we will show that these aspects are correlated. In addition, we will discuss recent data identifying PLP as a putative linking factor between diabetes and cancer.
Rights: © 2018 Merigliano, Mascolo, Burla, Saggio and Vernì. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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