Photoactuated properties of acetylene-congeners non-metallic dyes and molecular design for solar cells
Date of Issue2018
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
This paper theoretically simulated (using DFT and TD-DFT in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) solvent) the photodynamic properties of three non-metallic dye molecules with D-π-A1-π-A2 structure. The total photoelectric conversion efficiency (PCE) could be evaluated by the following parameters: the geometric structures, the electronic structures, and the absorption spectra, the analyses of charge difference density (CDD) and natural bond orbitals (NBO), the analyses of ionization potential (IP) and electron affinity (EA) from electronic contribution capacity, the reorganization energies ( λh , λe , and λtotal ), and the chemical reaction parameter (h, ω, ω− , and ω+ ) for intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) processing, the excited lifetime (τ) and the vertical dipole moment ( μnormol ). The ΔGinject , the ΔGregendye , the light harvesting efficiencies (LHE) and the excited lifetime (τ) were used to explain experimental JSC . The experimental trend of VOC was explained by the calculation of ΔECB and μnormol . Moreover, the 15 dyes were designed by adding the electron-donor groups (–OH, –NH2, and –OCH3) and the electron-acceptor groups (–CF3, –F, and –CN) to the LS-387 molecular skeleton, which improved electronic contribution, intramolecular charge transfer (ICT), and optoelectronic performance.
Dye-sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC)
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