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Title: Above and belowground community strategies respond to different global change drivers
Authors: Adair, Karen L.
Lindgreen, Stinus
Poole, Anthony M.
Young, Laura M.
Bernard-Verdier, Maud
Wardle, David A.
Tylianakis, Jason M.
Keywords: DRNTU::Social sciences::Geography::Environmental sciences
Climate-change Ecology
Community Ecology
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Adair, K. L., Lindgreen, S., Poole, A. M., Young, L. M., Bernard-Verdier, M., Wardle, D. A., & Tylianakis, J. M. (2019). Above and belowground community strategies respond to different global change drivers. Scientific Reports, 9, 2540-. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-39033-4
Series/Report no.: Scientific Reports
Abstract: Environmental changes alter the diversity and structure of communities. By shifting the range of species traits that will be successful under new conditions, environmental drivers can also dramatically impact ecosystem functioning and resilience. Above and belowground communities jointly regulate whole-ecosystem processes and responses to change, yet they are frequently studied separately. To determine whether these communities respond similarly to environmental changes, we measured taxonomic and trait-based responses of plant and soil microbial communities to four years of experimental warming and nitrogen deposition in a temperate grassland. Plant diversity responded strongly to N addition, whereas soil microbial communities responded primarily to warming, likely via an associated decrease in soil moisture. These above and belowground changes were associated with selection for more resource-conservative plant and microbe growth strategies, which reduced community functional diversity. Functional characteristics of plant and soil microbial communities were weakly correlated (P = 0.07) under control conditions, but not when above or belowground communities were altered by either global change driver. These results highlight the potential for global change drivers operating simultaneously to have asynchronous impacts on above and belowground components of ecosystems. Assessment of a single ecosystem component may therefore greatly underestimate the whole-system impact of global environmental changes.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39033-4
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s) (Nature Publishing Group). Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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