Label-free alignment of nonmagnetic particles in a small uniform magnetic field
Wu, Rui Ge
Wang, Z. P
Ramanujan, Raju V
Date of Issue2018
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Label-free manipulation of biological entities can minimize damage, increase viability and improve efficiency of subsequent analysis. Understanding the mechanism of interaction between magnetic and nonmagnetic particles in an inverse ferrofluid can provide a mechanism of label-free manipulation of such entities in a uniform magnetic field. The magnetic force, induced by relative magnetic susceptibility difference between nonmagnetic particles and surrounding magnetic particles as well as particle–particle interaction were studied. Label-free alignment of nonmagnetic particles can be achieved by higher magnetic field strength (Ba ), smaller particle spacing (R), larger particle size (rp1 ), and higher relative magnetic permeability difference between particle and the surrounding fluid (Rμr ). Rμr can be used to predict the direction of the magnetic force between both magnetic and nonmagnetic particles. A sandwich structure, containing alternate layers of magnetic and nonmagnetic particle chains, was studied. This work can be used for manipulation of nonmagnetic particles in lab-on-a-chip applications.
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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