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|Title:||Noninvasive electromagnetic wave sensing of glucose||Authors:||Zhang, Ruochong
Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Noninvasive Glucose Measurement
|Issue Date:||2019||Source:||Zhang, R., Liu, S., Jin, H., Luo, Y., Zheng, Z., Gao, F., & Zheng, Y. (2019). Noninvasive Electromagnetic Wave Sensing of Glucose. Sensors, 19(5), 1151-. doi:10.3390/s19051151||Series/Report no.:||Sensors||Abstract:||Diabetic patients need long-term and frequent glucose monitoring to assist in insulin intake. The current finger-prick devices are painful and costly, which places noninvasive glucose sensors in high demand. In this review paper, we list several advanced electromagnetic (EM)-wave-based technologies for noninvasive glucose measurement, including infrared (IR) spectroscopy, photoacoustic (PA) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, fluorescence, optical coherence tomography (OCT), Terahertz (THz) spectroscopy, and microwave sensing. The development of each method is discussed regarding the fundamental principle, system setup, and experimental results. Despite the promising achievements that have been previously reported, no established product has obtained FDA approval or survived a marketing test. The limitations of, and prospects for, these techniques are presented at the end of this review.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/84636
|ISSN:||1424-8220||DOI:||10.3390/s19051151||Rights:||© 2019 by the Authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||EEE Journal Articles|
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