Ultrafast volume holography for stretchable photonic structures
Tham, Nicholas Cheng Yang
Sahoo, Pankaj Kumar
Murukeshan, Vadakke Matham
Date of Issue2019
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Singapore Centre for 3D Printing
Center for Optical and Laser Engineering
Stretchability and flexibility are two key requirements for manipulating the propagation of light in compact and high-performance lab-on-a-chip systems. These requirements are best met by embedding stretchable and flexible tuning elements such as volume phase gratings (VPGs) in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), making them attractive alternatives to conventional rigid optical elements. However, fabrication of these PDMS VPGs is a challenge, requiring extensive modifications to PDMS or complex multi-step processes that require long processing times. In this context, we propose the concept of “ultrafast volume holography” for the fabrication of stretchable photonic structures such as tunable VPGs directly in unmodified PDMS. Our concept translates insights in heat regulation via fs repetition rate control into volumetric patterning, forming periodic refractive index modulation of 1.95 × 10−4 in the PDMS without post-processing. VPGs formed are further demonstrated as active beam steering units and tunable spectroscopic optical elements.
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