Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/91127
Title: Two-channel time-frequency audio watermarking
Authors: Hertanto, Richard Nathaniel
Foo, Say Wei
Issue Date: 2007
Source: Hertanto, R. N., & Foo, S. W. (2007). Two-channel time-frequency audio watermarking. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Information, Communications & Signal Processing 2007: Singapore: IEEE.
Abstract: The time-frequency audio watermarking scheme [1] operates by removing and adding samples to the frequency spectrum of the audio signals (compression-expansion) as a way to embed watermarks. The watermarks so embedded are identified by comparing the waveforms of the original and the watermarked signals. For a single channel signal, the compression-expansion represents one binary symbol and the unchanged frames in between are taken as the other binary symbol. For audio signals with two channels such as stereo music, a method is proposed in this paper so that compressionexpansion in the two channels are used to represent different binary symbols In addition, some modifications to the original scheme [1] are also presented.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/91127
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/5924
DOI: 10.1109/ICICS.2007.4449719
Rights: International Conference on Information, Communications & Signal Processing © 2007 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. http://www.ieee.org/portal/site.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Conference Papers

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