dc.contributor.authorChang, Chip Hong
dc.contributor.authorYe, Zhi
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Mingyan
dc.identifier.citationChang, C. H., Zhi, Y., & Zhang, M. (2005). Fuzzy-ART based adaptive digital watermarking scheme. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 15(1), 65-81.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn this paper, a novel transform domain digital watermarking scheme that uses visually meaningful binary image as watermark has been developed. The method embeds the watermark information adaptively with localized embedding strength according to the noise sensitivity level of the host image. Fuzzy adaptive resonance theory (Fuzzy-ART) classification is used to identify appropriate locations for watermark insertion and its control parameters add agility to the clustering results to thwart counterfeiting attacks. The scalability of visually recognizable watermark is exploited to devise a robust weighted recovery method with composite watermark. The proposed watermarking schemes can also be employed for oblivious detection. Unlike most oblivious watermarking schemes, our methods allow the use of visually meaningful image as watermark. For automation friendly verification, a normalized correlation metric that suits well with the statistical property of our methods is used. The experimental results show that the proposed techniques can survive several kinds of image processing attacks and the JPEG lossy compression.en_US
dc.format.extent17 p.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technologyen_US
dc.rightsIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology © 2005 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. http://www.ieee.org/portal/site.en_US
dc.subjectDRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Electronic systems::Signal processing
dc.titleFuzzy-ART based adaptive digital watermarking schemeen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Electrical and Electronic Engineeringen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US

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