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Title: Finite-difference time-domain analysis of integrated ceramic ball grid array package antenna for highly integrated wireless transceivers
Authors: Zhang, Yue Ping
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2004
Source: Zhang, Y. P. (2004). Finite-difference time-domain analysis of integrated ceramic ball grid array package antenna for highly integrated wireless transceivers. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 52(2), 435-442.
Series/Report no.: IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation
Abstract: This paper presents a study of the integration of an antenna in a ceramic ball grid array package for highly integrated wireless transceivers. The study has been carried out on an 11 X 11.66 mm2 small microstrip antenna in a thin 48-ball ceramic ball grid array package with the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method in C band. The impedance and radiation characteristics of the antenna are examined. More importantly, the loading effects of the complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) chip and bond wires on the performance of the antenna are investigated. It is found that the loading generally increases the impedance bandwidth but decreases the radiation efficiency of the antenna. To minimize detrimental loading, the shield of the antenna from the CMOS chip is considered. A new design has been realized. The new antenna achieves impedance bandwidth of 4.65%, radiation efficiency of 63%, and gain of 5.6 dBi at 5.52 GHz.
ISSN: 0018-926X
DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2004.823889
Rights: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation © 2004 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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