Achievement motivation in the social context : implicit and explicit Hope of Success and Fear of Failure predict memory for and liking of successful and unsuccessful peers.
Pang, Joyce S.
Villacorta, Mark A.
Chin, Yammie S.
Morrison, Frederik J.
Date of Issue2009
College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences
The authors examined relations between implicit and explicit Hope of Success (HS) and Fear of Failure (FF) and memory and liking for successful and unsuccessful peers. Implicit motives were expected to predict memory and explicit motives to predict liking of peers. Results from 106 American and 79 Singaporean students supported the implicit–explicit motive distinction as well as a link between HS and the successful peer and between FF and the unsuccessful peer. In both samples, explicit HS predicts liking while implicit HS predicts memory about the successful peer, and implicit FF predicts memory about the unsuccessful peer. Findings indicate achievement motives affect interest in and reaction towards peers and provide evidence for differential validity of implicit and explicit motives.
Journal of research in personality
© 2009 Elsevier This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Journal of Research in Personality, Elsevier. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2009.08.003].