Energy exchanges in carbon nanotube oscillators
Ma, Chi Chiu
Wong, Lai Ho
Chen, Guan Hua
Zheng, Quan Shui
Chwang, Allen T.
Date of Issue2006
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Energy exchanges between orderly intertube axial motion and vibrational modes are studied for isolated systems of two coaxial carbon nanotubes at temperatures ranging from 300 to 500 K. It is found that the excess intertube van der Waals energy, depleted from the intertube axial motion, is primarily stored in low-frequency mechanical modes of the oscillator for an extended period of time. This constitutes the first computer simulation of a nanomechanical device that exhibits negative friction.
©2006 Institute of Physics This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Nanotechnology, Institute of Physics. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/17/4/031].