The effects of space charge, dopants, and strain fields on surfaces and grain boundaries in YBCO compounds
Welch, David O.
Date of Issue2005
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Statistical thermodynamical and kinetically-limited models are applied to study the origin and evolution of space charges and band-bending effects at low-angle  tilt grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7 and the effects of Ca doping upon them. Atomistic simulations, using shell models of interatomic forces, are used to calculate the energetics of various relevant point defects. The intrinsic space charge profiles at ideal surfaces are calculated for two limits of oxygen contents, i.e. YBa2Cu3O6 and YBa2Cu3O7. At one limit, O6, the system is an insulator, while at O7 it is a metal. This is analogous to the intrinsic and doping cases of semiconductors. The site selections for doping calcium and creating holes are also investigated by calculating the heat of solution. In a continuum treatment, the volume of formation of doping calcium at Y-sites is computed. It is then applied to study the segregation of calcium ions to grain boundaries in the Y-123 compound. The influences of the segregation of calcium ions on space charge profiles are finally studied to provide one guide for understanding the improvement of transport properties by doping calcium at grain boundaries in the Y-123 compound.
DRNTU::Engineering::Materials::Microelectronics and semiconductor materials
Superconductor science and technology
© 2005 Institute of Physics Publishing. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Superconductor Science and Technology, Institute of Physics Publishing. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/18/1/005.