Long path-length axial absorption detection in photonic crystal fiber
Shum, Perry Ping
Kwok, Yien Chian
Date of Issue2008
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
In this paper, we present a long path-length axial absorption detection method in photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). A PCF, also called a holey fiber or microstructured fiber, is an optical fiber which consists of a periodic array of very tiny and closely spaced air holes on the scale of 1 µm running through the whole length of the fiber. Here, a PCF with porous microstructures was used as a sample container for absorption detection. Light was guided by total internal reflection and propagated axially in the air holes of PCFs that were filled with the solution of the absorbing species by vacuum pumping. Excellent linearity was obtained for different sample concentrations, and high sensitivity was achieved due to the long optical path length. In addition, as the dimension of the PCF is small, the sample volume is greatly reduced. Moreover, due to its robustness, the PCF can be coiled up to keep the footprint small, making it suitable for microchip absorption detection. It can be widely used for both off-chip and on-chip detection of absorbing species, such as ions, alkaloids, and biomolecules.
© 2008 American Chemical Society. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac800417n].