On the morphological changes of Ni- and Ni(Pt)-silicides
Lee, Pooi See
Pey, Kin Leong
Chi, Dong Zhi
Date of Issue2005
School of Materials Science and Engineering
The issue of agglomeration and layer inversion has remained critical because conductivity of thin silicide films is sensitive to the degradation of the film morphology. The purpose of this work is to study the morphology degradation that includes agglomeration and layer inversion of NiSi and Ni(Pt)Si. Agglomeration was observed to be preceded by holes evolution. It was found that the addition of Pt has led to improvement in the agglomeration behavior of NiSi but have little influence on the layer inversion when the amount of Pt is 5 atom % in Ni(Pt) on the undoped poly-Si. Increasing the Pt concentration to about 10% shows improvement in the layer inversion behavior compared to 5% Pt. The agglomeration behavior and layer inversion with the addition of the Pt are discussed in terms of the controlling factors of grain boundary energy, interface energies, and nature of the silicide formed. The improved agglomeration associated with Pt addition is attributed to a lower interfacial energy leading to lower grain boundary mobility and reduced driving force for hole evolutions. In addition, suppression of layer inversion can be attained by silicidation with the use of thin Ni(Pt) (~10 nm).
DRNTU::Engineering::Materials::Microelectronics and semiconductor materials
Journal of the electrochemical society
© 2005 The Electrochemical Society. This paper was published in Journal of The Electrochemical Society and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of The Electrochemical Society. The paper can be found at the following official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1149/1.1862255. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.