Tribological properties of Cr- and Ti-doped MoS2 composite coatings under different humidity atmosphere.
Zeng, X. T.
He, X. Y.
Date of Issue2010
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Solid-lubricant MoS2 coatings have been successfully applied in high vacuum and aerospace environments. However, these coatings are very sensitive to water vapor and not suitable for applications in moist environments. In this work, Cr- and T-doped MoS2 composite coatings were developed. The results demonstrated that these composite coatings are promising for applications in high humidity environments. MoS2–Cr and MoS2–Ti composite coatings with different Cr or Ti content were deposited on high speed steel substrate by unbalanced magnetron sputtering. The composition, microstructure, and mechanical properties of the as-deposited MoS2-metal composite coatings were analyzed by energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and nanoindentation experiments. The tribological properties of the coatings were evaluated against an alumina ball under different relative humidity atmosphere using a ball-on-disc tribometer. The MoS2–Cr and MoS2–Ti coatings showed a maximum hardness of 7.5 GPa and 8.4 GPa at a dopant content of 16.6 at.% Cr or 20.2 at.% Ti, respectively. The tribological test results showed that, with a small amount of Cr and/or Ti doping, the tribological properties of MoS2 coatings under humid atmosphere could be significantly improved. The optimum doping level was found to be around 10 at.% for both MoS2–Cr coatings and MoS2–Ti coatings to show the best tribological properties, with both the lowest friction coefficient and wear rate. The excellent tribological properties of the MoS2–Cr and MoS2–Ti coatings with an appropriate metal doping level in moist atmosphere are found due to their ability to form stable transfer layer on the surface of the counterbody, which supplies lubrication for the contact surface.
Surface and coatings technology
© 2010 Elsevier. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Surface and Coatings Technology, Elsevier. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2010.06.041].