Zinc oxide nanowires and nanorods fabricated by vapour-phase transport at low temperature
Yu, M. B.
My, T. D.
Zhang, X. H.
Chua, S. J.
White, Timothy John
Date of Issue2004
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Using zinc chloride as source material, zinc oxide nanowires and nanorods were fabricated by a vapour-phase transport method at low temperature. The nanowires grown on gold-coated silicon showed a uniform diameter of about 40 nm, and the nanorods on copper-coated silicon grew upwards to form flower-like arrays. The x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy analyses demonstrated that the nanostructural zinc oxide grew along the  direction. The growth process was attributed to a vapour–liquid–solid mechanism. Distinct photoluminescent behaviours were observed for zinc oxide nanostructures grown on gold-coated and copper-coated silicon wafers.
© 2004 Institute of Physics Publishing. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Nanotechnology, Institute of Physics Publishing. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/15/7/022.