Achieving high specific charge capacitances in Fe3O4/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites
Tay, Yee Yan
Sharma, Yogesh Kumar
Hng, Huey Hoon
Date of Issue2011
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Energy Research Institute
We report a facile approach to synthesize nanocomposites with Fe3O4 nanopaticles (NPs) attached to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets by a solvothermal process, which combines the growth of Fe3O4 NPs and the reduction of GOs in one single step. These Fe3O4/rGO nanocomposites were further used to fabricate thin film supercapacitor electrodes by using a spray deposition technique without the addition of insulating binders. It was found that the Fe3O4/rGO nanocomposites showed much higher specific capacitances than that of either pure rGO or pure Fe3O4 NPs. We further carried out electrochemical characterization of the Fe3O4/rGO nanocomposites with different Fe3O4 : rGO weight ratios (e.g. IFe3O4 : rGO) and showed that Fe3O4/rGO nanocomposites with IFe3O4 : rGO = 2.8 exhibited the highest specific capacitance of 480 F g^- 1 at a discharge current density of 5 A g ^-1 with the corresponding energy density of 67 W h kg ^-1 at a power density of 5506 W kg ^-1. These Fe3O4/rGO nanocomposites also showed stable cycling performance without any decrease in the specific capacitance after 1000 charge/discharge cycles.
Journal of materials chemistry
© 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Journal of Materials Chemistry, The Royal Society of Chemistry. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c0jm03175e.