Geologic investigations of a “slip gap” in the surficial ruptures of the 1992 Landers earthquake, southern California
Spotila, James A.
Date of Issue1995
A 3-km-long gap in the dextral surficial rupture of the 1992 M w = 7.3 Landers earthquake occurs at the north end of a major fault stepover between the Johnson Valley and Homestead Valley faults. This gap is situated along a segment of the Landers rupture that has been modeled geophysically as having a deficit in average slip at depth. To better evaluate the nature of the slip gap, we document in detail the character and distribution of surficial rupture within it. Along the gap, is a northwest trending thrust fault rupture with an average of less than 1 m of northeast directed reverse-slip and nearly no oblique right slip. We interpret this rupture to be limited to the shallow crust of the northern end of the stepover and to have been the secondary result of dextral shear, rather than a mechanism of rigid-block slip-transfer from the Landers-Kickapoo fault. A zone of en echelon extensional ruptures also occurs along the slip gap, which we interpret as the secondary result of diffuse dextral shear that accommodated less than 0.5 m of west-northwest extension. These secondary ruptures represent a discontinuity in the surficial dextral rupture of the Landers earthquake, which we propose resulted from the lack of a mature fault connection between the Johnson Valley and Homestead Valley faults. The rupture pattern of the slip gap implies a significant deficit in net surficial slip, which compares favorably with some geophysical models. Aspects of this rupture pattern also suggest a temporal sequence of rupture that compares favorably with geophysical interpretations of the dynamic rupture propagation.
DRNTU::Science::Geology::Volcanoes and earthquakes
Journal of geophysical research
©1995 American Geophysical Union. This paper was published in Journal of Geophysical Research and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Geophysical Union. The paper can be found at the following official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/94JB02471. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.