Spark-plasma-sintering (SPS) of nanostructured titanium carbonitride powders.
Yu, L. G.
Khor, Khiam Aik
Date of Issue2004
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Spark-plasma-sintering (SPS) compaction experiments of nanostructured titanium carbonitride powders have been performed at 1600 °C and 1800 °C (sintering time = 1 min). The as-received nanostructured powders have been synthesized through rapid condensation from the gas-phase (high frequency plasma). The sintering results were compared with data obtained by various conventional sintering techniques such as pressureless sintering, gas pressure sintering, and hot pressing. The phase composition and the crystallite size were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The fracture surfaces of the sintered samples were inspected with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The experiments show that the SPS method is capable of obtaining high densities (∼94% of theoretical density) combined with small grain-size quotient d/d0 of 5.4–6.5.
Journal of the European ceramic society
© 2004 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2004.06.008].