Magnetic confinement of neutral atoms based on patterned vortex distributions in superconducting disks and rings
Chan, K. S.
Lim, M. J.
Date of Issue2012
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We propose and analyze neutral atom traps generated by vortices imprinted by magnetic field pulse sequences in type II superconducting disks and rings. We compute the supercurrent distribution and magnetic field resulting from the vortices in the superconductor. Different patterns of vortices can be written by versatile loading field sequences. We discuss in detail procedures to generate quadrupole traps, self-sufficient traps, and ring traps based on superconducting disks and rings. The ease of creating these traps and the low current noise in supercurrent-carrying structures make our approach attractive for designing atom chip interferometers and probes.
Physical review A
© 2012 American Physical Society. This paper was published in Physical Review A and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.85.013404]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.