Birth and growth of cavitation bubbles within water under tension confined in a simple synthetic tree
Quinto-Su, Pedro A.
Date of Issue2012
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Water under tension, as can be found in several systems including tree vessels, is metastable. Cavitation can spontaneously occur, nucleating a bubble. We investigate the dynamics of spontaneous or triggered cavitation inside water filled microcavities of a hydrogel. Results show that a stable bubble is created in only a microsecond time scale, after transient oscillations. Then, a diffusion driven expansion leads to filling of the cavity. Analysis reveals that the nucleation of a bubble releases a tension of several tens of MPa, and a simple model captures the different time scales of the expansion process.
Physical Review Letters
© 2012 American Physical Society. This paper was published in Physical Review Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.184502]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.