Force-induced optical nonlinearity and Kerr-like coefficient in opto-mechanical ring resonators
Yu, Y. F.
Zhang, J. B.
Tan, Chuan Seng
Tsai, J. M.
Liu, Ai Qun
Date of Issue2012
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
This paper demonstrates the optical nonlinearity in opto-mechanical ring resonators that consist of a bus waveguide and two ring resonators, which is induced by the optical gradient force and characterized by the Kerr-like coefficient. Each ring resonator has a free-hanging arc that is perpendicularly deformable by an optical gradient force and subsequently this deformation changes the effective refractive index (ERI) of the ring resonator. The change of the ERI induces optical nonlinearity into the system, which is described by an equivalent Kerr coefficient (Kerr-like coefficient). Based on the experimental results, the Kerr-like coefficient of the ring resonator system falls in the range from 7.64 × 10−12 to 2.01 × 10−10 m2W−1, which is at least 6-order higher than the silicon’s Kerr coefficient. The dramatically improved optical nonlinearity in the opto-mechanical ring resonators promises potential applications in low power optical signal processing, modulation and bio-sensing.
© 2012 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Optics Express and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Optical Society of America. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.018005]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.