Electron irradiation induced transformation of (Pb5Ca5)(VO4)6F2 apatite to CaVO3 perovskite
White, Timothy John
Wang, L. M.
Ewing, Rodney C.
Date of Issue2005
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Crystallochemical changes of (Pb5Ca5)(VO4)6F2 apatite under electron irradiation were examined by transmission electron microscopy. The apatite, a synthetic analog of vanadinite, was moderately stable towards a less intense 300-keV LaB6 source, while it changed rapidly in structure when exposed to the higher flux of a 200-keV field emission gun. The electron beam induced transformation of vanadinite proceeds sequentially by (i) migration and loss of fluorine, (ii) lead volatilization and conversion to 2–5-nm platelets of a glaserite-type structure, and (iii) the reduction of V5+ to V4+ with the removal of lead and calcium oxide that leads to single-crystal CaVO3 perovskite as the ultimate product. The phase transformations are interpreted based on the crystallographic relations among the CaVO3 perovskite, the (Pb5Ca5)(VO4)6F2 apatite and the glaserite-type structures, and compositional changes under electron irradiation.
Journal of the American ceramic society
© 2005 The American Ceramic Society. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Journal of the American Ceramic Society, The American Ceramic Society. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2004.00002.x ].