Application of layered double hydroxides for removal of oxyanions : a review
Goh, Kok Hui
Date of Issue2007
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are lamellar mixed hydroxides containing positively charged main layers and undergoing anion exchange chemistry. In recent years, many studies have been devoted to investigating the ability of LDHs to remove harmful oxyanions such as arsenate, chromate, phosphate, etc. from contaminated waters by both surface adsorption and anion exchange of the oxyanions for interlayer anions in the LDH structure. This review article provides an overview of the LDH synthesis methods, the LDH characterization techniques, and the recent advancement that has been achieved in oxyanion removal using LDHs, highlighting areas of consensus and currently unresolved issues. Experimental studies relating to the sorption behaviors of LDHs with various oxyanions, and the kinetic models adopted to explain the adsorption rate of oxyanions from aqueous solution onto LDHs, have been comprehensively reviewed. This review discusses several key factors such as pH, competitive anions, temperature, etc., that influence the oxyanion adsorption on LDHs. The reusability of LDHs is discussed and some mechanistic studies of oxyanion adsorption on LDHs are highlighted. The sorption capacities of LDHs for various oxyanions are also compared with those of other adsorbents. In addition, this review critically identifies the shortcomings in current research on LDHs, such as the common weaknesses in the adopted methodology, discrepancies among reported results and ambiguous conclusions. Possible improvement of LDHs and potential areas for future application of LDHs are also proposed.
© 2007 Elsevier. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Water Research, Elsevier. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.10.043]