Experimental study on visible-light induced photocatalytic oxidation of gaseous formaldehyde by polyester fiber supported photocatalysts
Chang, Victor Wei-Chung
Date of Issue2012
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) has shown large potentials in controlling airborne gaseous pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This article addresses PCO of gaseous formaldehyde (HCHO) by VIS-active photocatalysts which were immobilized on polyester fiber filter through a spray coating method under room temperature. The coatings showed good dispersion and strong adhesion on the fiber surface as supported by the SEM images and the stability test result. High PCO efficiency was achieved by the spray-coated filter under typical room light illumination. The effects from various reaction parameters, such as volumetric flow rate, pollutant initial concentration, relative humidity, illumination strength, as well as photocatalyst loading amount, on the PCO efficiency were also evaluated systematically. A Langmuir–Hinshelwood model was used to examine the kinetics of VIS-PCO of HCHO. One of the important findings was that changes of relative humidity had little influence on the PCO efficiency at either low or high HCHO concentrations. Different from the UV-PCO process where hydroxyl radical (OHradical dot) is the major oxidative species, the VIS-generated holes, View the MathML sourcehVIS+, as well as the superoxide radical (View the MathML sourceO2-) were considered to contribute predominantly to the degradation of HCHO under visible light illumination.
Chemical engineering journal
© 2012 Elsevier B.V. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Chemical engineering journal, Elsevier B.V. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org.ezlibproxy1.ntu.edu.sg/10.1016/j.cej.2012.12.025].