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Title: Completely solvent-free protocols to access phase-pure, metastable metal halide perovskites and functional photodetectors from the precursor salts
Authors: Hong, Zonghan
Tan, Davin
John, Rohit Abraham
Tay, Eugene Yong Kang
Ho, Terence Yan King
Zhao, Xin
Sum, Tze Chien
Mathews, Nripan
García, Felipe
Soo, Han Sen
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Chemistry
Metal Halide Perovskites
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Hong, Z., Tan, D., John, R. A., Tay, E. Y. K., Ho, T. Y. K., Zhao, X., … Soo, H. S. (2019). Completely solvent-free protocols to access phase-pure, metastable metal halide perovskites and functional photodetectors from the precursor salts. iScience. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2019.05.042
Series/Report no.: iScience
Abstract: Mechanochemistry is a green, solid-state, re-emerging synthetic technique that can rapidly form complex molecules and materials without exogenous heat or solvent(s). Herein, we report the application of solvent-free mechanochemical ball milling for the synthesis of metal halide perovskites, to overcome problems with solution-based syntheses. We prepared phase-pure, air-sensitive CsSnX3 (X = I, Br, Cl) and their mixed halide perovskites by mechanochemistry for the first time via reactions between cesium and tin(II) halides. Notably, we report the sole examples where metastable, high temperature phases like cubic CsSnCl3, cubic CsPbI3, and trigonal FAPbI3 were accessible at ambient temperatures and pressures without post-synthetic processing. The perovskites can be prepared up to “kilogram scales”. Lead-free, all-inorganic photodetector devices were fabricated using the mechanosynthesized CsSnBr1.5Cl1.5 under solvent-free conditions and showed 10-fold differences between on/off currents. We highlight an essentially solvent-free, general approach to synthesize metastable compounds and fabricate photodetectors from commercially available precursors.
DOI: 10.1016/j.isci.2019.05.042
DOI (Related Dataset):
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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