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Title: Competing targets of microRNA-608 affect anxiety and hypertension
Authors: Geifman-Shochat, Susana
Hanin, Geula
Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Shani
Yayon, Nadav
Hoe, Yau Yin
Bennett, Estelle R.
Sklan, Ella H.
Rao, Dabeeru. C.
Rankinen, Tuomo
Bouchard, Claude
Shifman, Sagiv
Greenberg, David S.
Soreq, Hermona
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Biological sciences::Genetics
Issue Date: 2014
Source: Hanin, G., Shenhar-Tsarfaty, S., Yayon, N., Hoe, Y. Y., Bennett, E. R., Sklan, E. H., et al. (2014). Competing targets of microRNA-608 affect anxiety and hypertension. Human Molecular Genetics, in press.
Series/Report no.: Human molecular genetics
Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can repress multiple targets, but how a single de-balanced interaction affects others remained unclear. We found that changing a single miRNA–target interaction can simultaneously affect multiple other miRNA–target interactions and modify physiological phenotype. We show that miR-608 targets acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and demonstrate weakened miR-608 interaction with the rs17228616 AChE allele having a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 3′-untranslated region (3′UTR). In cultured cells, this weakened interaction potentiated miR-608-mediated suppression of other targets, including CDC42 and interleukin-6 (IL6). Postmortem human cortices homozygote for the minor rs17228616 allele showed AChE elevation and CDC42/IL6 decreases compared with major allele homozygotes. Additionally, minor allele heterozygote and homozygote subjects showed reduced cortisol and elevated blood pressure, predicting risk of anxiety and hypertension. Parallel suppression of the conserved brain CDC42 activity by intracerebroventricular ML141 injection caused acute anxiety in mice. We demonstrate that SNPs in miRNA-binding regions could cause expanded downstream effects changing important biological pathways.
ISSN: 0964-6906
DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddu170
Rights: © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SBS Journal Articles

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