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Title: Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Chinese preschoolers in Singapore
Authors: Pwint, Mar Khin
Lee, Yung Seng
Wong, Teck Yee
Saw, Seang Mei
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Medicine
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Pwint, M. K., Lee, Y. S., Wong, T. Y., Saw, S. M. (2013). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Chinese pre-schoolers in Singapore, 42(2), 66-72.
Series/Report no.: Annals, academy of medicine, Singapore
Abstract: Introduction: This study examines the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 6- to 72-month-old Chinese preschoolers in Singapore using 3 references. Materials and Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional study of 3009 Chinese preschoolers aged 6 to 72 months from southwestern and western parts of Singapore. Overweight and obesity were defi ned by using the Center for Disease Control (CDC) (85th and 95th percentile, respectively), the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and the local National Health Group Polyclinics (NHGP), Singapore (90th and 97th percentile, respectively) references. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in 24 to 72 months old Chinese children were 8.1% and 7.1% (the CDC reference), 7.6% and 3.9% (the IOTF reference) and 7.5% and 5.3% (the local reference [NHGP]) respectively. For preschoolers aged 6 to 72 months, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 7.0% and 5.3%, respectively, using the local reference. An increasing trend in the prevalence of obesity with increasing age was seen in both genders, using the CDC and IOTF references (P ≤0.001 and 0.001, respectively). The boys were more likely to be obese than the girls using the CDC reference (OR = 1.42, 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.97, P = 0.03). Conclusion: Our study showed a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity among Chinese preschoolers in Singapore when compared to other countries like the United States, Italy, Chile using the CDC and/or IOTF references. The CDC reference overestimated whereas the IOTF reference underestimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity for our population when compared to using the local NHGP reference.
Rights: © 2013 Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore. This paper was published in Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore. The paper can be found at the following official URL: []. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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