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Title: Light extraction efficiency enhancement of colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using large-scale nanopillar arrays
Authors: Mutlugun, Evren
Wang, Jianxiong
Dang, Cuong
Zhao, Yongbiao
Liu, Shuwei
Tang, Yuxin
Tan, Swee Tiam
Sun, Xiao Wei
Demir, Hilmi Volkan
Yang, Xuyong
Dev, Kapil
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2014
Source: Yang, X., Dev, K., Wang, J., Mutlugun, E., Dang, C., Zhao, Y., et al. (2014). Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Using Large-Scale Nanopillar Arrays. Advanced Functional Materials, 24(38), 5977-5984.
Series/Report no.: Advanced functional materials
Abstract: A colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diode (QLED) is reported with substantially enhanced light extraction efficiency by applying a layer of large-scale, low-cost, periodic nanopillar arrays. Zinc oxide nanopillars are grown on the glass surface of the substrate using a simple, efficient method of non-wetting templates. With the layer of ZnO nanopillar array as an optical outcoupling medium, a record high current efficiency (CE) of 26.6 cd/A is achieved for QLEDs. Consequently, the corresponding external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 9.34% reaches the highest EQE value for green-emitting QLEDs. Also, the underlying physical mechanisms enabling the enhanced light-extraction are investigated, which leads to an excellent agreement of the numerical results based on the mode theory with the experimental measurements. This study is the first account for QLEDs offering detailed insight into the light extraction efficiency enhancement of QLED devices. The method demonstrated here is intended to be useful not only for opening up a ubiquitous strategy for designing high-performance QLEDs but also with respect to fundamental research on the light extraction in QLEDs.
ISSN: 1616-301X
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201400190
Rights: © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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