Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Development and application of relevance and reliability criteria for water treatment removal efficiencies of chemicals of emerging concern
Authors: Fischer, Astrid
van Wezel, Annemarie P.
Hollender, Juliane
Cornelissen, Emile
Hofman, Roberta
van der Hoek, Jan Peter
Keywords: Data Evaluation Criteria
Chemicals of Emerging Concern
Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Fischer, A., van Wezel, A. P., Hollender, J., Cornelissen, E., Hofman, R., & van der Hoek, J. P. (2019). Development and application of relevance and reliability criteria for water treatment removal efficiencies of chemicals of emerging concern. Water Research, 161, 274-287. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2019.05.088
Series/Report no.: Water Research
Abstract: With the growth in production and use of chemicals and the fact that many end up in the aquatic environment, there is an increasing need for advanced water treatment technologies that can remove chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) from water. The current lack of a homogenous approach for testing advanced water treatment technologies hampers the interpretation and evaluation of CEC removal efficiency data, and hinders informed decision making by stakeholders with regard to which treatment technology could satisfy their specific needs. Here a data evaluation framework is proposed to improve the use of current knowledge in the field of advanced water treatment technologies for drinking water and wastewater, consisting of a set of 9 relevance criteria and 51 reliability criteria. The two criteria sets underpin a thorough, unbiased and standardised method to select studies to evaluate and compare CEC removal efficiency of advanced water treatment technologies in a scientifically sound way. The relevance criteria set was applied to 244 papers on removal efficiency, of which only 20% fulfilled the criteria. The reliability criteria were applied to the remaining papers. In general these criteria were fulfilled with regards to information on the target compound, the water matrix and the treatment process conditions. However, there was a lack of information on data interpretation and statistics. In conclusion, a minority of the evaluated papers are suited for comparison across techniques, compounds and water matrixes. There is a clear need for more uniform reporting of water treatment studies for CEC removal. In the future this will benefit the selection of appropriate technologies.
ISSN: 0043-1354
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2019.05.088
Rights: © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NEWRI Journal Articles

Citations 20

Updated on Jan 24, 2023

Web of ScienceTM
Citations 20

Updated on Jan 30, 2023

Page view(s)

Updated on Feb 5, 2023

Download(s) 50

Updated on Feb 5, 2023

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.