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Title: An area and energy efficient ultra-low voltage level shifter with pass transistor and reduced-swing output buffer in 65-nm CMOS
Authors: Le, Van Loi
Kim, Tony Tae-Hyoung
Keywords: Current Mirror
Level Shifter
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Le, V. L., & Kim, T. T.-H. (2018). An Area and Energy Efficient Ultra-Low Voltage Level Shifter With Pass Transistor and Reduced-Swing Output Buffer in 65-nm CMOS. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, 65(5), 607-611. doi:10.1109/TCSII.2018.2820155
Series/Report no.: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
Abstract: This brief presents an ultra-low voltage level shifter (LS) with fast and energy-efficient voltage conversion from the deep subthreshold region to the superthreshold region. The proposed LS achieves better performance and increased energy efficiency by addressing the reduced swing and the slow fall transition issues in prior arts. A novel reduced-swing buffer design is proposed to attain lower standby power consumption while a pass transistor is used for improving the speed of the fall transition. The proposed LS consists of only 11 transistors occupying 7.45 μm 2 , which obtains the smallest area among the state-of-the-art ultra-low voltage LSs. Measurement results from a test chip fabricated in 65-nm CMOS technology demonstrate that the proposed LS shows the maximum leakage and speed improvements of 16.3× and 2.7× compared to the Wilson current mirror LS. The proposed LS also accomplishes the maximum switching energy reduction of 8.5× and can convert deep subthreshold voltage as low as 100 mV to the superthreshold voltage of 1.2 V.
ISSN: 1549-7747
DOI: 10.1109/TCSII.2018.2820155
Rights: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. The published version is available at:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Journal Articles

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