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Title: Life Cycle Assessment for desalination: A review on methodology feasibility and reliability
Authors: Zhou, Jin
Chang, Victor Wei-Chung
Fane, Anthony Gordon
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Environmental engineering::Water treatment
Issue Date: 2014
Source: Zhou, J., Chang, V. W. C., & Fane, A. G. (2014). Life Cycle Assessment for desalination: A review on methodology feasibility and reliability. Water Research, 61, 210-223.
Series/Report no.: Water research
Abstract: As concerns of natural resource depletion and environmental degradation caused by desalination increase, research studies of the environmental sustainability of desalination are growing in importance. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an ISO standardized method and is widely applied to evaluate the environmental performance of desalination. This study reviews more than 30 desalination LCA studies since 2000s and identifies two major issues in need of improvement. The first is feasibility, covering three elements that support the implementation of the LCA to desalination, including accounting methods, supporting databases, and life cycle impact assessment approaches. The second is reliability, addressing three essential aspects that drive uncertainty in results, including the incompleteness of the system boundary, the unrepresentativeness of the database, and the omission of uncertainty analysis. This work can serve as a preliminary LCA reference for desalination specialists, but will also strengthen LCA as an effective method to evaluate the environment footprint of desalination alternatives.
ISSN: 0043-1354
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2014.05.017
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Water Research. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [].
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles
NEWRI Journal Articles

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