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Title: Effect of microchannel junction angle on two-phase liquid-gas Taylor flow
Authors: Lim, An Eng
Lim, Chun Yee
Lam, Yee Cheong
Lim, Yee Hwee
Keywords: Microfluidics
DRNTU::Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Multiphase Flow
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Lim, A. E., Lim, C. Y., Lam, Y. C., & Lim, Y. H. (2019). Effect of microchannel junction angle on two-phase liquid-gas Taylor flow. Chemical Engineering Science, 202417-428. doi:10.1016/j.ces.2019.03.044
Journal: Chemical Engineering Science
Series/Report no.: Chemical Engineering Science
Abstract: Two-phase liquid-gas Taylor flow triggered by blocking-squeezing mechanism was studied with different junction angle h microchannels, i.e. 20 , 45 , 90 , 135 and 160 , at various liquid (ethanol) and gas (He) flow rates. We experimentally investigated the effects of flow rates and h on the gas bubble VB and liquid slug VS volumes. A theoretical model was formulated for the quantitative predictions of bubble and slug sizes for different h and flow rates. Good agreements were obtained between theoretical predictions and experimental observations. The unit cell volume VU (VB + VS) decreased pronouncedly for the 20 channel with decreasing liquid or increasing gas flow rate, due to the slight increase in VB and large decrease in VS. In comparison, for the 45 , 90 , 135 and 160 channels with increasing liquid or decreasing gas flow rate, VU were less sensitive to fluid flow rate changes, due to the approximate cancellation between VB decrease and VS increase. For the 20 and 45 channels, it produced larger VU, due to larger VB and VS, when compared to the 90 channel. This is caused by the larger gas bubble throat width DN at the junction when h < 90 . As for the 135 and 160 channels (h > 90 ), DN is approximately equal to the gas channel width, with VB, VS and VU approximately the same as the 90 channel. With h 90 (i.e. 90 , 135 and 160 channels), as evident from the smaller VU, higher gas bubble density can be obtained when compared to h < 90 (i.e. 20 and 45 channels). Hitherto, this observation has not been realized, and the mechanics is first investigated here with the employment of extreme h (i.e. 20 and 160 ). A thorough understanding of the underlying mechanics affecting Taylor flow can facilitate its exploitation for controlled gas bubble and liquid slug generation. Our theoretical model facilitates the tuning of the channel designs and fluid flow rates to achieve the desired gas bubble and liquid slug sizes for specific applications.
ISSN: 0009-2509
DOI: 210261
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Chemical Engineering Science and is made available with permission of Elsevier.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles

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