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dc.contributor.authorYin, Keen
dc.contributor.authorGiannis, Apostolosen
dc.contributor.authorWong, Angeline S. Y.en
dc.contributor.authorWang, Jing-Yuanen
dc.identifier.citationYin, K., Giannis, A., Wong, A. S. Y., & Wang, J.-Y. (2014). EDTA-enhanced thermal washing of contaminated dredged marine sediments for heavy metal removal. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 225, 2024-.en
dc.description.abstractPreliminary analysis on dredged marine sediments from Benoi basin in Singapore was carried out showing elevated concentrations of Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Cr and Ni. Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) thermal washing experiments were conducted for heavy metal extraction at temperature 100 °C. Results indicated the significant efficiency of thermal washing to extract Pb, Zn and Ni. However, there was little or no influence in the removal of Cu and Cr and a slight effect to Cd indicating multiple mechanisms. In addition, agitation was found to have great influence on the removal efficiency of heavy metals as experiments without agitation performed lesser or no extraction due to limited contact of the washing solution and the dredged sediment. Sequencing processes of thermal treatment followed by EDTA washing showed limited performance, likely due to thermal stabilization of the contaminants particularly at low liquid-to-soil (L/S) ratio. Furthermore, sequential extraction analysis on the metal speciation was performed before and after thermal washing. It was revealed that metals mainly extracted from fractions bound to carbonates and Fe-Mn oxides, the relative mobile fraction. On the contrary, metals in the residual fraction displayed a considerable stability.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en
dc.format.extent23 p.en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWater, air, & soil pollutionen
dc.rights© 2014 Springer. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, Springer. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [].en
dc.subjectDRNTU::Engineering::Environmental engineering::Environmental pollutionen
dc.titleEDTA-enhanced thermal washing of contaminated dredged marine sediments for heavy metal removalen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.contributor.researchResidues and Resource Reclamation Centreen
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen
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