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Title: Hierarchical probabilistic fusion framework for matching and merging of 3-D occupancy maps
Authors: Yue, Yufeng
Senarathne, P. G. C. Namal
Yang, Chule
Zhang, Jun
Wen, Mingxing
Wang, Danwei
Keywords: Sensors
Probabilistic Logic
Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Yue, Y., Senarathne, P. G. C. N., Yang, C., Zhang, J., Wen, M., & Wang, D. (2018). Hierarchical probabilistic fusion framework for matching and merging of 3-D occupancy maps. IEEE Sensors Journal, 18(21), 8933-8949. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2018.2867854
Series/Report no.: IEEE Sensors Journal
Abstract: Fusing 3-D maps generated by multiple robots in real/semi-real time distributed mapping systems are addressed in this paper. A 3-D occupancy grid-based approach for mapping is utilized to satisfy the real/semi-real time and distributed operating constraints. This paper proposes a novel hierarchical probabilistic fusion framework, which consists of uncertainty modeling, map matching, transformation evaluation, and map merging. Before the fusion of maps, the map features and their uncertainties are explicitly modeled and integrated. For map matching, a two-level probabilistic map matching (PMM) algorithm is developed to include high-level structural and low-level voxel features. In the PMM, the structural uncertainty is first used to generate a coarse matching between the maps and its result is then used to improve the voxel level map matching, resulting in a more efficient and accurate matching between maps with a larger convergence basin. The relative transformation output from PMM algorithm is then evaluated based on the Mahalanobis distance, and the relative entropy filter is used subsequently to integrate the map dissimilarities more accurately, completing the map fusion process. The proposed approach is evaluated using map data collected from both simulated and real environments, and the results validate the accuracy, efficiency, and the support for larger convergence basin of the proposed 3-D occupancy map fusion framework.
ISSN: 1530-437X
DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2018.2867854
Schools: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 
Rights: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. The published version is available at:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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