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Title: Psychoacoustic, physical, and perceptual features of restaurants : a field survey in Singapore
Authors: Lindborg, PerMagnus
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Physics::Acoustics
DRNTU::Social sciences::Psychology::Applied psychology
DRNTU::Visual arts and music::Architecture
Issue Date: 2015
Source: Lindborg, P. (2015). Psychoacoustic, physical, and perceptual features of restaurants : a field survey in Singapore. Applied acoustics, 92, 47-60.
Series/Report no.: Applied acoustics
Abstract: Sound is a multi-faceted phenomenon and a critical modality in all kinds of sevicescapes. At restaurants, our senses are intensively stimulated. They are social places that depend on acoustic design for their success. Considering the large economic interests, surprisingly little empirical research on the psychoacoustics of restaurants is available. Contributing to theory building, this article proposes a typology of designed and non-designed sonic elements in restaurants. Results from a survey of 112 restaurants in Singapore are presented, with a focus on one element of the typology, namely interior design materials. The collected data included on-site sound level, audio recordings from which psychoacoustic descriptors such as Loudness and Sharpness were calculated, perceptual ratings using the Swedish Soundscape Quality protocol, and annotations of physical features such as Occupancy. We have introduced a measure, Priciness, to compare menu cost levels between the surveyed restaurants. Correlation analysis revealed several patterns: for example, that Priciness was negatively correlated with Loudness. Analysis of annotations of interior design materials supported a classification of the restaurants in categories of Design Style and Food Style. These were investigated with MANOVA, revealing significant differences in psychoacoustic, physical, and perceptual features between categories among the surveyed restaurants: for example, that restaurants serving Chinese food had the highest prevalence of stone materials, and that Western-menu places were the least loud. Some implications for managers, acoustic designers, and researchers are discussed.
ISSN: 0003-682X
DOI: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2015.01.002
Rights: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Applied Acoustics, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [].
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:ADM Journal Articles

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