Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/106680
Title: Simple synthetic methods towards reactive low valent germanium compounds
Authors: Muhammad Luthfi Ismail
Keywords: Science::Chemistry::Inorganic chemistry::Synthesis
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Muhammad Luthfi Ismail. (2019). Simple synthetic methods towards reactive low valent germanium compounds. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: This thesis describes the unique synthetic strategy towards a variety of low oxidation state germanium compounds without the use of harsh reagents. Chapter 1 describes the synthesis of a phosphine-stabilized phosphidogermanium(I) dimeric derivative, [Ge(Cl){N(Ar)PPh2}(Ph2P)Ge:]2 (1.3) isolated from a reaction of [L{(Ar)(Ph2P)N}Si:] (1.1) and GeCl2.dioxane. Compound 1.3 was isolated alongside the amidinato amidosilylene – germylene adduct, [L{(Ar)(Ph2P)N}Si:GeCl2] (1.2). A crude 29Si NMR spectrum of the mother liquor revealed the presence of silaamine [LSi(=NAr)Cl] (1.4) and trichlorosilane derivative (LSiCl3) (1.5). The thermal conversion of 1.1 to its constitutional isomer, together with the isolated products, and detected intermediates hints at a possible mechanism which involves several redox processes. Additionally, the preliminary reactivity of compound 1.3 with B(C6F5)3 resulted in the formation of its oxidised product [{Ph2PN(Ar)GeCl}{Ph2PGeCl}] (1.7). Chapter 2 describes the isolation of a variety of transition metallogermylene complexes by a reaction of base – stabilized germanium(I) dimer [LGe:]2 (2.1, L = 2-imino-5,6-methylenedioxylphenyl) with various transition metal complexes. These reactions represent a rare example of metallogermylene synthesis without the use of harsh transition metallate complexes in salt metathesis reactions. Chapter 3 describes the simple synthesis of the first germylenylsilylene (3.3) starting from the 2-imino-5,6-methylenedioxylphenylchlorogermylene (3.1). Suitable crystals of compound 3.3 for X-ray crystallography could not be isolated due to its inherent instability. Compound 3.3 decomposes into unidentified products within days in solution. However, it is sufficiently stable to be characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. An in-situ generated 3.3 can undergo a clean reaction with 2 equivalents of 2,6-diisopropylphenylazide at low temperature to form compound 3.4. Compound 3.4 represents a rare example of a silaamidinato germylene. The proposed structure of compound 3.3 can be inferred from the molecular structure of 3.4.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/106680
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/48969
DOI: 10.32657/10220/48969
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SPMS Theses

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