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Title: Shape-shifting 3D protein microstructures with programmable directionality via quantitative nanoscale stiffness modulation
Authors: Lee, Yih Hong
Ling, Xing Yi
Lee, Mian Rong
Phang, In Yee
Cui, Yan
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Physics
Issue Date: 2014
Source: Lee, M. R., Phang, I. Y., Cui, Y., Lee, Y. H., & Ling, X. Y. (2015). Shape-shifting 3D protein microstructures with programmable directionality via quantitative nanoscale stiffness modulation. Small, 11(6), 740-748.
Series/Report no.: Small
Abstract: The ability to shape-shift in response to a stimulus increases an organism's survivability in nature. Similarly, man-made dynamic and responsive “smart” microtechnology is crucial for the advancement of human technology. Here, 10–30 μm shape-changing 3D BSA protein hydrogel microstructures are fabricated with dynamic, quantitative, directional, and angle-resolved bending via two-photon photolithography. The controlled directional responsiveness is achieved by spatially controlling the cross-linking density of BSA at a nanometer lengthscale. Atomic force microscopy measurements of Young's moduli of structures indicate that increasing the laser writing distance at the z-axis from 100–500 nm decreases the modulus of the structure. Hence, through nanoscale modulation of the laser writing z-layer distance at the nanoscale, control over the cross-linking density is possible, allowing for the swelling extent of the microstructures to be quantified and controlled with high precision. This method of segmented moduli is applied within a single microstructure for the design of shape-shifting microstructures that exhibit stimulus-induced chirality, as well as for the fabrication of a free-standing 3D microtrap which is able to open and close in response to a pH change.
ISSN: 1613-6810
DOI: 10.1002/smll.201401343
Rights: © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SPMS Journal Articles

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