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Title: Tracking ultrafast bond dissociation dynamics at 0.1 Å resolution by femtosecond extreme ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy
Authors: Wei, Zhengrong
Tian, Li
Li, Jialin
Lu, Yunpeng
Yang, Minghui
Loh, Zhi-Heng
Keywords: Science::Chemistry
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Wei, Z., Tian, L., Li, J., Lu, Y., Yang, M., & Loh, Z.-H. (2018). Tracking ultrafast bond dissociation dynamics at 0.1 Å resolution by femtosecond extreme ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 9(19), 5742-5747. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02547
Journal: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Abstract: Visualizing the real-time dissociation of chemical bonds represents a challenge in the study of ultrafast molecular dynamics due to the simultaneous need for sub-angstrom spatial and femtosecond temporal resolution. Here, we follow the C-I dissociation dynamics of strong-field-ionized 2-iodopropane (2-C3H7I) with femtosecond extreme ultraviolet (XUV) absorption spectroscopy. By probing the iodine 4 d core-level absorption, we resolve a continuous XUV spectral shift on the sub-100 fs time scale that accompanies the dissociation of the 2-C3H7I+ spin-orbit-excited 2 E1/2 state to yield atomic I in the 2 P3/2 state. In combination with ab initio calculations of the C-I distance-dependent XUV transition energy, we reconstruct the temporal evolution of the C-I distance from the Franck-Condon region to the asymptotic region with 10 fs and 0.1 Å resolution. The C-I bond elongation appears to couple to coherent vibrational motion along the HC(CH3)2 umbrella mode of the 2-C3H7+ fragment, whose effect on the I 4 d XUV transition even at C-I distances of 3.5 Å points to the long-range nature of XUV absorption probing. Our results suggest that femtosecond XUV absorption spectroscopy, in combination with ab initio simulations of XUV transition energies, can be used to resolve the ultrafast structural dynamics of large polyatomic molecules.
ISSN: 1948-7185
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02547
Rights: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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