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Title: Key risk indicators for accident assessment conditioned on pre-crash vehicle trajectory
Authors: Shi, Xiupeng
Wong, Yiik Diew
Li, Michael Zhi Feng
Chai, C.
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Shi, X., Wong, Y. D., Li, M. Z. F., & Chai, C. (2018). Key risk indicators for accident assessment conditioned on pre-crash vehicle trajectory. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 117, 346-356. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2018.05.007
Journal: Accident Analysis and Prevention
Abstract: Accident events are generally unexpected and occur rarely. Pre-accident risk assessment by surrogate indicators is an effective way to identify risk levels and thus boost accident prediction. Herein, the concept of Key Risk Indicator (KRI) is proposed, which assesses risk exposures using hybrid indicators. Seven metrics are shortlisted as the basic indicators in KRI, with evaluation in terms of risk behaviour, risk avoidance, and risk margin. A typical real-world chain-collision accident and its antecedent (pre-crash) road traffic movements are retrieved from surveillance video footage, and a grid remapping method is proposed for data extraction and coordinates transformation. To investigate the feasibility of each indicator in risk assessment, a temporal-spatial case-control is designed. By comparison, Time Integrated Time-to-collision (TIT) performs better in identifying pre-accident risk conditions; while Crash Potential Index (CPI) is helpful in further picking out the severest ones (the near-accident). Based on TIT and CPI, the expressions of KRIs are developed, which enable us to evaluate risk severity with three levels, as well as the likelihood. KRI-based risk assessment also reveals predictive insights about a potential accident, including at-risk vehicles, locations and time. Furthermore, straightforward thresholds are defined flexibly in KRIs, since the impact of different threshold values is found not to be very critical. For better validation, another independent real-world accident sample is examined, and the two results are in close agreement. Hierarchical indicators such as KRIs offer new insights about pre-accident risk exposures, which is helpful for accident assessment and prediction.
ISSN: 0001-4575
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2018.05.007
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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