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Title: Power management in energy harvesting
Authors: Lau, Wendy Wee Yee
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Integrated circuits
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Lau, W. W. Y. (2019). Power management in energy harvesting. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: A dual-path wide-power-range rectifier for RF energy harvesting is presented in this thesis. The proposed idea focuses on maximizing efficiency in harvesting energy from the surrounding environment and designated energy source to support wide variety of applications in low power devices’ wireless charging. The harvester consists of a low-power rectifier, a high-power rectifier and a voltage-aware block. In the low-power rectifier, novel DC-boosted gate bias technique is proposed to enhance power conversion efficiency (PCE) by improving forward peak current, reducing diode forward voltage drop and suppressing reverse leakage current. A novel internal body-biasing technique is proposed in the high-power rectifier to regulate the transistors’ threshold voltage (Vth) for optimal efficiency. A voltage-aware block, which consists of a voltage detector, a switch and an adjustable-offset comparator, has been incorporated into the high-power rectification path to minimize overall power consumption. The proposed circuit is fabricated in 65 nm 6M/1P standard CMOS technology. Peak PCE of 70.4% is measured on the low-power rectifier with -5.5 dBm input power at 2.45 GHz when driving a 15 kΩ load. For high-power rectifier, peak PCE of 56.6% is measured with 1.3 dBm input power at 2.45 GHz when driving a 15 kΩ load. The chip has PCE higher than 20% over a 19.8 dB of extended input power range from -13.5 dBm to 6.3 dBm.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/137743
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Theses

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