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Title: Examining the effectiveness of a holistic nutrition programme among community-dwelling elderly in Singapore
Authors: Lee, James Chong Boi
Robert, Caroline
Nurhazimah Naharudin
Erdt, Mojisola
Vijayakumar, Harsha
Theng, Yin-Leng
Keywords: Social sciences::General
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Lee, J. C. B., Robert, C., Nurhazimah Naharudin, Erdt, M., Vijayakumar, H., & Theng, Y.-L. (2020). Examining the effectiveness of a holistic nutrition programme among community-dwelling elderly in Singapore. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare, 29(1), 10-18. doi:10.1177/2010105819885953
Project: MOH/NIC/CAHIG03/2016
Journal: Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare
Abstract: Background: Singapore faces challenges in providing efficient health-care services for the ageing population. Objectives: We evaluated the effectiveness of a novel holistic nutrition programme among the elderly who were staying in several senior activity centres in Singapore. Methods: A total of 83 elderly participants (>55 years old) took part in a mixed-methods experimental study. Participants were assigned to the control group (CG), the intervention group without health talks (IGH–) or the intervention group with health talks (IGH+). Demographics, perceived satisfaction score of the administered programme and pre–post measurement on nutritional knowledge and perceived competence were measured. Subsequently, in-depth interviews were also carried out with some participants. Results: One-way analysis of variance revealed significantly higher scores for the IGH– and IGH+ groups compared to the CG in terms of perceived satisfaction of the programme (p=0.009 and p=0.005, respectively). There was also a significant difference in terms of the change in nutritional knowledge before and after the programme between the IGH– and IGH+ groups (p=0.002) but not for perceived competence (p=0.26). Several determinants of dietary behaviours in the elderly such as living arrangements, attitudes and finances were identified from thematic analyses of the interviews. Conclusions: The findings from the study demonstrate the effectiveness of an holistic programme in effecting changes in nutritional knowledge but not perceived competence.
ISSN: 2059-2329
DOI: 10.1177/2010105819885953
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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