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|Title:||The relationship between maternal depression, anxiety and infants’ emotional and non-emotional learning||Authors:||Foong, Ivfy Ka Yee||Keywords:||Social sciences::Psychology::Affection and emotion||Issue Date:||2020||Publisher:||Nanyang Technological University||Abstract:||Infants of depressed mothers (IDMs) showed poorer emotional learning (EL) while infants of anxious mothers (IAMs) showed better and poorer outcomes. Maternal mood effects on infants’ EL should not generalise to strangers. If maternal mood affects infants’ EL, then infants will learn differently from strangers. Additionally, maternal mood should not affect infants’ non-emotional learning (NEL). Due to contrasting literature, this study aims to contribute to findings of maternal anxiety and infants’ EL outcomes, and support research on EL with strangers and NEL. Method: In the EL (social referencing) task, infants watched the adult demonstrate positive or negative facial and vocal emotion toward two ambiguous objects. In the response phase, infants interacted with the objects. Infants’ first touch, looking and touching durations were recorded. The NEL task involved infants learning novel languages by listening to pre-recorded syllables (familiarisation phase). In the test phase, familiar and unfamiliar words were given. Familiar and unfamiliar words occur when three syllables occurred together 100% and 33% of the time respectively. Infants’ first looking duration was recorded. Prediction: Maternal mood affects infants’ EL but not NEL. These effects should not generalise to EL from strangers. Results: Maternal mood did not affect infants’ EL and NEL. There was no generalisation to speak of. Discussion: Findings support research on maternal mood effects on infants’ NEL. Small sample size, comorbidity, restricted range of mood scores, adult-infant temperament fit and interactions with strangers before the EL task may have contributed to nonsignificant and unexpected results. Implications and limitations are discussed.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/138155||Fulltext Permission:||restricted||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||SSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)|
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