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Title: Biogreen synthesis of carbon dots for biotechnology and nanomedicine applications
Authors: Chan, Kok Ken
Yap, Stephanie Hui Kit
Yong, Ken-Tye
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Chan, K. K., Yap, S. H. K., & Yong, K.-T. (2018). Biogreen synthesis of carbon dots for biotechnology and nanomedicine applications. Nano-Micro Letters, 10(4), 72-. doi:
Journal: Nano-Micro Letters
Abstract: Over the past decade, carbon dots have ignited a burst of interest in many different fields, including nanomedicine, solar energy, optoelectronics, energy storage, and sensing applications, owing to their excellent photoluminescence properties and the easiness to modify their optical properties through doping and functionalization. In this review, the synthesis, structural and optical properties, as well as photoluminescence mechanisms of carbon dots are first reviewed and summarized. Then, we describe a series of designs for carbon dot-based sensors and the different sensing mechanisms associated with them. Thereafter, we elaborate on recent research advances on carbon dot-based sensors for the selective and sensitive detection of a wide range of analytes, including heavy metals, cations, anions, biomolecules, biomarkers, nitroaromatic explosives, pollutants, vitamins, and drugs. Lastly, we provide a concluding perspective on the overall status, challenges, and future directions for the use of carbon dots in real-life sensing.
ISSN: 2150-5551
DOI: 10.1007/s40820-018-0223-3
Rights: © 2018 The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Journal Articles

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