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Title: Fabrication of 3D mesoporous networks of assembled CoO nanoparticles for efficient photocatalytic reduction of aqueous Cr(VI)
Authors: Velegraki, Georgia
Miao, Jianwei
Drivas, Charalampos
Liu, Bin
Kennou, Stella
Armatas, Gerasimos S.
Keywords: Science::Chemistry
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Velegraki, G., Miao, J., Drivas, C., Liu, B., Kennou, S., & Armatas, G. S. (2018). Fabrication of 3D mesoporous networks of assembled CoO nanoparticles for efficient photocatalytic reduction of aqueous Cr(VI). Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 221, 635-644. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.09.064
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental
Abstract: Synthesis of high-performance and cyclic stable photocatalysts has been remaining a significant challenge. In this work, we report the synthesis of high-surface-area mesoporous networks of CoO NPs through a polymer-templating self-assembly method and demonstrate their potential application in the reductive detoxification of aqueous Cr(VI) solutions under UV and visible light irradiation. Electron microscopy images and N2 adsorption measurements corroborate the presence of a porous network of interconnected CoO NPs (ca. 18 nm in size) with large internal surface area (up to 134 m2 g−1) and narrow pore-size distribution (ca. 4.4–4.8 nm in diameter). Conjunction of optical absorption and electrochemical impendence spectroscopy results indicates that the band edge positions of constituent CoO NPs meet the electric potential requirements for reducing Cr(VI) and splitting water to oxygen. We show that mesoporous assemblies of hexagonal CoO NPs effectively overcome the kinetic barriers for the oxidation reaction, manifesting a remarkably photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction activity at acidic pH with an apparent quantum yield (AQY) of 1.61% and 0.17% at wavelengths of 375 and 440 nm, respectively. We demonstrate that, apart from oxygen evolution reaction, photoconversion of harmful Cr(VI) into non-toxic Cr(III) involves also a hydroxyl radical-mediated oxidation process by intercepting oxidation products with on-line mass spectrometry and fluorescence spectroscopy in control catalytic experiments.
ISSN: 0926-3373
DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.09.064
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Applied Catalysis B: Environmental and is made available with permission of Elsevier B.V.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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